Phase 1 and Phase II of the South African Coal Roadmap have been completed and distributed to inform and support the decision-making required to support this key industry.

Phase I of the project examined the current state of the South Africa coal industry and key issues facing it. Phase II comprised a detailed scenario analysis approach, supported by detailed modelling. Key trigger points, developmental needs and infrastructure requirements were identified

The need for a South African Coal Roadmap was identified in 2007 by key role players from Eskom, coal producers and Government, to be developed under the auspices of the Fossil Fuel Foundation (FFF). Various delays resulted in the initiative only formally commencing during 2010.

The Coal Roadmap explores the activities and interventions required for role players in the coal industry to maximise its contribution to South Africa in the face of an uncertain future.

The initiative was supported by a wide range of stakeholders including the Departments of Energy and Mineral Resources, Eskom, Sasol, coal producers and other stakeholders. Convened by the Fossil Fuel Foundation and supported by the South African Energy Development Institute (SANEDI), the Roadmap was produced by The Green House, who acted as project managers for the initiative.

The Roadmap should be read in conjunction with the associated Scenarios and Technical Reports and can be accessed from the websites of FFF ( and SANEDI (

Coal is the major primary energy source for South Africa. More than 90% of the country’s electricity, 20-30% of the liquid fuel, and approximately 70% of its total energy needs are currently produced from coal.

Coal also plays a significant role in the South African chemicals industry, is an essential component of its steelmaking industry and provides significant export revenues. Overcoming the challenges facing the country, including poverty, unemployment and inequality, will have to include provision of safe and affordable access to energy for all its inhabitants. Despite an abundant endowment of coal in

South Africa, its continued use presents many challenges and its future contribution demands careful stewardship.

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