How to package the assets and which to include will be major choices for Anglo, and it faces opposition from a government pension fund that is also the biggest investor.
With so much history and national identity wrapped up in the company, it will be a complicated divorce.
“South Africa’s economic development basically began with gold and diamonds, and Anglo was a major part of that,” said Dave Mohr, chief strategist, Old Mutual Multi-Managers, who helps oversee 110 billion rand. “Decisions were made to buy very expensive assets at the top of the commodities cycle. That’s their biggest problem and the main reason they’re now having to sell.”
Many of the South African operations weren’t profitable when metal prices were depressed, and allegations of widespread government corruption and uncertainty over mine regulation have long been a concern for investors.
The company will need to balance its goals of raising cash and paying down debt with the demands of the Public Investment Corp (PIC), Anglo’s top shareholder and the state-owned manager of government pensions.
Already, the PIC has repeatedly disagreed with plans to sell assets piecemeal.
Anglo operates 15 mines in South Africa alone, owns controlling stakes in Kumba Iron Ore Ltd, Anglo American Platinum Ltd, and other joint ventures.
Anglo wants to sell its iron ore, coal and manganese operations in South Africa, and retain the Venetia diamond mine and some platinum mines including Mogalakwena, the world’s biggest open-pit platinum mine. That would reduce the country’s Ebitda contribution to 15% from 37%, according to Credit Suisse Group AG.
The PIC is pressuring Anglo to include the prized platinum assets in the divestment, according to people familiar with the matter. This sets up a conflict for Anglo’s Chief Executive Officer Mark Cutifani, who considers platinum a core commodity, along with copper and diamonds.
Anglo is leaning toward bundling the South African assets into one listed entity, instead of selling them off piecemeal, according to people familiar with the matter. The miner wants cash from any divestment to pay down debt, said the people, who asked not to be identified because the talks are private.
One option being considering is to combine Kumba, which owns Africa’s largest iron ore mine, with Anglo’s coal and manganese operations, according to the people. Any bundling with Kumba is likely to require wide investor backing, one person said. Anglo shares have quadrupled this year, making a spin off more palatable to investors.
But there are other alternatives. The company could decide to sell the assets separately, a plan that Anglo originally favored.
“We continue to work through all the various options for divesting the thermal coal and Kumba iron ore assets in South Africa, which may include packaging them for sale to create a new South African mining company,” Anglo said in an e-mailed statement.