South Africa’s sole producer of prime anthracite, Zululand Anthracite Colliery (ZAC), said in a statement that it was confident about the medium- to long-term growth in demand for anthracite as it prepares to expand the life-of-mine beyond the remaining 12 years.

Bradley Hammond presenting at Coaltrans

Bradley Hammond, investment company Menar chief operating officer, told delegates at the recent Southern Africa Coaltrans conference in Johannesburg, that he was confident about the future of the market both locally and internationally for ZAC’s products. Menar is ZAC’s main shareholder.

“As a one-stop-shop for anthracite, ZAC has all the facilities to size and blend our products according to market needs, and we have sufficient capacity and access to rail for export and transport to local and international consumers. We are the preferred supplier to key industrial clients in the South African market and we plan to become a bigger player in the anthracite market worldwide,” Hammond said.


He added that the company’s strategy of ensuring high tonnages, low-cost and high-quality product are one of the main reasons why there is growing interest in its products from countries such as Vietnam, Brazil, USA and Spain. “We are therefore aggressively pushing to increase our marketing efforts to expand our global supply footprint.”

Located in the district of Ulundi, in northern Kwazulu-Natal, ZAC has 12 million tons of reserves remaining, five underground sections and produces 1 million ton of anthracite per annum. It has processing plants onsite, which have a combined processing capacity of 2.2 million tons per annum. The product is washed to top qualities of 0.9% to 1.4% sulphur with extremely low ash content ranging from 8.5% to 18%.

The products are sized to customer specifications. It is a critical component in electrode paste, calcium carbide and ferrochrome production, among other applications. About 80% of ZAC’s product is sold in South Africa as a cheaper option to manufacturers compared to higher cost Russian anthracite or coke from China.

Meanwhile, Hammond recounted about how since Menar, ZAC’s main shareholder, acquired the operations in September 2016, it had overcome immense challenges and transformed it into a sustainable mining operation that contributes to the wellbeing of its host communities.

Until Menar acquired ZAC in 2016, the mine was previously owned by BHP Billiton (from 1985), Riversdale Mining (from 2005) and Rio Tinto (from 2011). Founded by MD Vuslat Bayoglu, Menar turned the operation around and it is now on the verge of declaring a maiden dividend that will also benefit the workers and community who hold a combined 26 percent stake, Hammond explained.

ZAC stated that the mine employs 1350 people and participates in President Cyril Ramaphosa’s job creation flagship project – Youth Employment Service. “ZAC is not just a mine, it is virtual a city with community and workers forming an integral part of our family like structure,” Hammond stressed.

“We continue to invest in the mine to improve capacity and efficiencies and aim to expand our capacity in years to come,” Hammond remarked. Plans for expansion of ZAC’s operations to increase life of mine include bringing on stream new projects such as Riversdale Anthracite Colliery (RAC) and the Mfolozi Project, which would be a combination of opencast and underground mine. Both projects are in northern KwaZulu-Natal.

The continued operation is crucial for the economic development of the community. In addition to providing jobs and contracting opportunities for community-based entrepreneurs, ZAC invests heavily in community upliftment projects. “We supply 42 million litres of clean, potable water to communities through 20 km of water pipes which we built. ZAC also runs educational, agricultural and youth skills training programmes, as well as operator training initiatives,” Hammond highlighted.

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